As defined by the UHMS (Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine Society) and SAUHMA (South African Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Association):
Hyperbaric therapy is a treatment administered by delivering 100% oxygen at an increased ambient pressure (i.e. increased atmospheric pressure) for its medicinal effects. It is proven to be an effective treatment of choice in some indications and an adjunctive treatment for others.
The hyperbaric chamber is a room or unit that can be made of steel, aluminium, clear plastic or acrylic, and can be recompressed to a pressure greater than 1.4 ATA (< 4 meters of seawater).
The most common are barotraumas which affect the following body spaces:
Research is currently being conducted on acute head injuries, sports injuries, strokes and near drownings
It is important to stop smoking during the treatment schedule as this reduces the amount of oxygen delivered to the tissues